workplace investigation

What Is a Workplace Investigation and Why Might You Need One?

Issues can arise in any workplace, from minor concerns to major ones that can have legal ramifications. In some cases, it may be necessary to conduct a workplace investigation to get to the bottom of the situation and determine the best course of action.

But what exactly is a workplace investigation, and when might you need one? In this blog post, we’ll explore the basics of workplace investigations, including reasons you may need one, what it entails, and what to expect.

What is a Workplace Investigation?

Let’s define what workplace investigations are. Simply put, a workplace investigation is a formal inquiry into a situation or issue that has arisen in the workplace.

These issues can range from harassment or discrimination complaints to financial irregularities or safety concerns. The purpose of an investigation is to gather information and evidence to help determine the appropriate course of action based on the facts of the situation.

Sets To A Successful Workplace Investigation

A workplace investigation typically involves several steps, including gathering evidence, interviewing witnesses, and analyzing the information to reach a conclusion.

Depending on the severity of the issue, outside experts or legal counsel may be brought in to assist with the investigation. It is important to note that investigations must be conducted in a fair and impartial manner to protect the rights of all parties involved.

Workplace Investigation Process: What You Need to Know

Workplace investigations are an essential aspect of maintaining a fair and safe work environment. While you hope that all employees will abide by the company policy and procedures, there may be situations where investigations into alleged misconduct, harassment, or discrimination must take place.

Employers have a legal obligation to investigate claims of unlawful behavior, and failure to do so can result in legal liability and negative consequences for the company’s reputation.

Step 1: Determine the Need for an Investigation

The first step of a workplace investigation is to determine if there’s a valid reason to investigate.

Employers should be proactive and take action when they receive complaints about misconduct, discrimination, or harassment from an employee, supervisor, or third party. Employers should also investigate any suspicious activity or claims of policy violations before terminating an employee.

Step 2: Choose an Investigator

The next step is selecting an investigator or an investigation team. The investigator should be unbiased and knowledgeable in conducting investigations.

It’s imperative to choose someone who can conduct a thorough investigation, remain unbiased about employee complaints, and provide fair results. If the organization has limited resources with their HR professionals or a specialized full workplace investigation is required, an outside investigator may be more appropriate.

Most times human resources are who is conducting interviews with all involved parties, take the appropriate measures to gather evidence, maintaining evidence gathered, collecting witness statements, going through personnel files, completing an investigation report and giving any disciplinary action that may be needed.

Step 3: Collect Evidence

Collecting evidence is the most crucial step in a workplace investigation. The investigator should gather all relevant evidence, including supporting documentation, emails, interview witnesses, and physical evidence from individuals involved.

The investigator should conduct interviews with the complainant, witnesses, and accused personnel. A comprehensive investigation should include a review of relevant policies, procedures, and applicable employment laws and state laws.

Step 4: Analyze Evidence

The investigator should analyze the evidence after they have gathered all the relevant information. It’s essential to examine the evidence objectively and not to jump to any conclusions.

The workplace investigators should determine whether further investigation is necessary and conduct additional investigation interviews or collect more evidence if needed.

Step 5: Document Findings

The final step is documenting the findings. It’s important to document all findings in detail, including the investigation’s scope, evidence provided and evaluated, and how the final decision was reached.

The investigator should also make recommendations for corrective action to prevent future incidents, whether they involve policy or structural changes, and any necessary training or education on the topic. Investigation reports are a major part of the investigation plan and immediate action is taken once the final report is done.

Why You Might Need To Conduct Workplace Investigations?

So why might you need a workplace investigation? There are many reasons an investigation may be necessary, such as:

  • An employee complaint of sexual harassment or discrimination
  • There are allegations of employee misconduct or company policies violation
  • An internal audit or review reveals financial irregularities
  • Employees report safety concerns or accidents on the job

In each of these cases, a thorough investigation can help to uncover the facts and determine the best course of action.

Reasons Why a Workplace Investigation Might Be Needed

Workplace investigations can occur due to a variety of reasons. There are times when an employee or employer reports harassment, discrimination, or other illegal activity. Investigations can also be necessary for issues with company policies, productivity, or behavior. What happens when a workplace investigation is required?

Complaints of Harassment or Discrimination

One of the most common reasons why a workplace investigation is necessary is when an employee reports harassment or discrimination. This could include issues related to race, gender, age, religion, or disability. Employers have a legal obligation to investigate these types of complaints and take appropriate action to prevent further incidents. Failure to do so can result in legal liability and damage to the reputation of the organization.

Violations of Company Policies

Every workplace has its own set of policies and procedures that employees must follow. When an employee violates these policies, a workplace investigation may be necessary. This could include issues such as time theft, dishonesty, or safety violations. By conducting a thorough investigation, employers can determine if the allegations are true and take corrective action as needed.

Poor Employee Performance

Workplace investigations may also be necessary when an employee’s performance is consistently poor. This could include issues such as absenteeism, poor productivity, or insubordination. By investigating the issue, employers can determine if the employee needs additional training or coaching, or if disciplinary action is necessary.

Complaints from Customers or Vendors

Workplace investigations may also occur when allegations are made by customers or vendors. These could include issues such as fraud, theft, or misconduct. Employers must investigate these allegations to maintain the trust and confidence of their customers and vendors.

Changes in Workplace Procedure or Policies

Workplace investigations may be necessary when changes are made to existing procedures or policies. This could include issues such as implementing new technology, changing job responsibilities, or updating safety protocols. By investigating the impact of these changes, employers can ensure that they are effective and working as intended.

Employees Involved Have Rights During A Workplace Investigation

If you are involved in a workplace investigation, it is important to understand your rights and responsibilities.

As an employer, you have a legal obligation to investigate complaints and issues that arise.

As an employee, you have the right to a fair and impartial investigation that respects your privacy and protects you from retaliation.

Action Taken After a Workplace Investigation

Workplace investigations are an essential process for any organization. These investigations can be related to harassment, discrimination, bullying, safety concerns, or any other issue that may arise.

After conducting an investigation, it’s necessary to take certain actions to ensure that the workplace environment is safe, secure, and productive.

Disciplinary Action

If an investigation finds that an employee or a group of employees are responsible for the misconduct, then disciplinary action may be taken against them. The severity of the action depends on the severity of the misconduct.

The action may range from a verbal or written warning to termination of employment. The disciplinary action must be consistent with the organization’s policies and the law of the land.

Reassignment or Transfer

If the investigation finds that the work environment is still not safe due to the presence of a particular employee, then the organization may transfer them to a different department or location.

The transfer may be voluntary or involuntary. The ultimate goal is to ensure that the affected employees can work in a safe and secure environment.

Employee Training

After an investigation, the organization may provide training to its employees on appropriate workplace behavior. This can include training on harassment, discrimination, or safety concerns.

The training should be provided to all employees, not just those who were involved in the investigation. Training helps employees understand the organization’s expectations and promotes a positive work culture.

Changes in Policies and Procedures

If an investigation uncovers flaws in the organization’s policies and procedures, the management may take corrective actions to address the problems.

This may involve updating the policies, procedures, or guidelines to reflect the findings of the investigation. These changes must be communicated to all employees to ensure compliance.


After taking corrective actions, it’s essential to monitor the work environment to ensure that the problems are resolved.

The management must ensure that employees’ behavior is consistent with the organization’s policies and guidelines. Regular monitoring can help identify emerging problems and take corrective actions before they escalate.

Do You Need Human Resources Management?

As businesses grow, managing a workforce becomes increasingly complex. That’s where Global Solutions comes in.

Our team of seasoned human resources professionals have the expertise to handle any HR need, from employee relations to compensation and benefits. With our assistance, you’ll be able to focus on what really matters – delivering top-tier products and services to your customers.

Whether you need help navigating tricky workplace investigations or designing comprehensive benefit plans, we have the solutions you need to succeed. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help your business thrive.


In conclusion, workplace investigations play a critical role in maintaining a safe, healthy, and productive working environment. Whether you are an employer or an employee, it is important to understand what a workplace investigation entails and why it may be necessary.

By conducting investigations in a fair and impartial manner, you can help to ensure that issues are resolved and that all parties are treated with respect and dignity.